What are Big Data, Hadoop & Spark ? What is the relationship among them ?

What are Big Data, Hadoop & Spark ? What is the relationship among them ?  Awantik Das
Posted on May 22, 2017, 12:23 p.m.

big data hadop and spark

Big Data - Big Data is a problem statement & what it means is the size of data under process has grown to 100's of petabytes ( 1 PB = 1000TB ). Yahoo mail generates some 40-50 PB of data every day. Yahoo has to read that 40-50 PB of data & filter out spans. E-commerce websites generate logs for each shopping & window-shopping. Trust me, window-shopping data are more important for business. Retail store - which products to place next to each other. Processing bills of all buyers & finding relations between each product. Classic case of - Beer & Diaper falls under this category. Machine learning can produce fantastic results if a large amount of data can be processed.

Hadoop - This is a solution to big data problems. It provides distributed storage & distributed computing framework. Distributed Storage - By 2015, you can store max. upto 16 TB in one system. If the data size is beyond 16 TB, usually it's in order of PetaBytes. The only way to store such huge amount of data is breaking the data into chunks & storing in distributed systems. Distributed Processing - Data is stored in physically different systems, we can make happen parallel processing on each of the nodes ( system ) & thus leveraging computation power of each node. Hadoop consists of 3 major things - HDFS, YARN & MapReduce. HDFS is all about the distributed file system, it breaks down the data & maps node for each data request. MapReduce - This defines the functions - mapper & reducer. Mapper - Function that executes on each node. Provides parallelism to the application. Reducer - The piece of code which cannot be parallelized is done by reducer & it executes in only one node. YARN  picks the function and executes on each node.

Spark - On current scenario, Hadoop mostly focuses on storing large scale of data. We can see Spark as something which can do a fast computation.We generally see Hadoop as underlying storage infrastructure. Spark as a superfast computation framework usually 10X - 50X faster. Apart from Hadoop, Spark can use other technologies to provide distributed storage framework

Awantik Das is a Technology Evangelist and is currently working as a Corporate Trainer. He has already trained more than 3000+ Professionals from Fortune 500 companies that include companies like Cognizant, Mindtree, HappiestMinds, CISCO and Others. He is also involved in Talent Acquisition Consulting for leading Companies on niche Technologies. Previously he has worked with Technology Companies like CISCO, Juniper and Rancore (A Reliance Group Company)

Keywords : spark data-science hadoop

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